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Title: Transradial versus transfemoral access for diagnostic cerebral angiography: frequency of acute MRI findings in 500 consecutive patients at a single center
Author: do Nascimento, V. C.
de Villiers, L.
Dhillon, P. S.
Domitrovic, L.
Sesnan, G.
Leblanc, J. P.
Ninnes, L.
Hughes, I.
Rice, H.
Issue Date: 2024
Journal: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
Abstract:  Background The frequency of clinically symptomatic and asymptomatic diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) hyperintense lesions and their correlation with the transradial artery (TRA) approach is unclear. Objective To assess the frequency of abnormal diffusion restriction foci on DWI following cerebral angiography (digital subtraction angiography (DSA)) with the TRA or transfemoral artery (TFA) approach and identify predictors of DWI restriction foci. Methods We analysed data from consecutive diagnostic cerebral angiograms obtained between January 2021 and October 2023 at a single tertiary center. MRI DWI was performed 2 hours after DSA. Patients underwent neurological assessment periprocedurally, as well as prior to discharge. Results 500 patients were analysed; 277 (55%) procedures were performed via TRA and 223 (45%) via TFA. Overall, 74 (14.8%) patients had abnormal findings in the postprocedure MRI DWI. A higher incidence of positive DWI findings was noted in the TRA group, with 46 (16.6%) patients, compared with 28 (12.6%) in the TFA group (P=0.21). Symptomatic events occurred in seven (2.5%) of the TRA group and in two (0.9%) of the TFA cohort (P=0.31). At 60 days, the neurological deficit rate was one (0.4%) for the TRA group and one (0.4%) for the TFA group. Procedure time was the only significant predictor of DWI restriction (OR=1.04 per minute; P=0.0001). Conclusion Although there were more symptomatic or asymptomatic embolic events with TRA than with the TFA approach following elective cerebral angiography, this was not significantly different. We recommend the choice of vascular access based on patient anatomy and characteristics, aimed at improving care through enhanced safety. � Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2024. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
ISSN: 17598478 (ISSN)
Digital object identifier: 10.1136/jnis-2024-021472
Appears in Collections:Liverpool Hospital

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